Gum disease also called “periodontal disease”.
It is an inflammation of the gums that if severe, can lead to the loss of the tissues that hold your teeth in place.
Gum disease is caused by plaque,which is a sticky film of bacteria that forms constantly on teeth.
If plaque is not removed, it can cause your gums to pull away from your teeth,forming pockets in which more bacteria can collect. Plaque that is not removed also hardens into calculus along and under your gums.
The pockets and hard calculus make it difficult to remove plaque without help from a dentist, and periodontal disease can develop. If left untreated, periodontal disease can damage the tissues that support your teeth, even the bone.
Symptoms of periodontal disease include:
*gums that are red and swollen and bleed easily
*gums that seem to have pulled away from the teeth
*teeth that seem to be loose or moving away from one another
*change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
*puss between your gums & teeth
There are various stages to periodontal disease—from gingivitis (early stage) to periodontitis (advanced disease). Red and swollen gums
that bleed easily are a sign of gingivitis.
At this early stage, the disease may be reversed with a professional cleaning and more regular daily care at home. During the cleaning, dental hygienist will remove all calculus deposits.
The goal is to maintain the gum health by coming in for more frequent cleaning appointments. The gum therapy cleaning does take longer than a regular cleaning, and the patient will be numbed by the doctors.